(c) Experimentation and
He advocated a thorough planning of the job by the management and emphasized the necessity of perfect understanding and co-operation between the management and the workers both for the enlargement of profits and the use of scientific investigation and knowledge in industrial work. He summed up his approach in these words:
Science, not rule of thumb
Harmony, not discord
Co-operation, not individualism
Maximum output, in place of restricted output
The development of each man to his greatest efficiency and prosperity.
Features of Scientific Management:
1. It was closely associated with the industrial revolution and the rise of large-scale enterprise.
2. Classical organization and management theory is based on contributions from a number of sources. They are scientific management, Administrative management theory, bureaucratic model, and micro-economics and public administration.
3. Management thought focused on job content division of labour, standardization, simplification and specialization and scientific approach towards organization.