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Sunday, July 25, 2010

Multiparty System or Two-Party which is better? - GD Topics with Summary

Multiparty System or Two-Party which is better?

A multiparty system does not guarantee better government than a two party system nor vice versa. The quality of government depends on the ability of the governing parties and those in opposition.

Why a multi-party system is better


Restricting choice to two parties limits the number of ideas on every issue and reduces each voter's choice. Each of the two parties has fixed views on various topics. A voter who supports the view of one party on a topic but supports the view of the other party on another topic is forced to compromise one of his views whereas in multi-party system, on the other hand, allows each citizen to vote for the party that best fits their beliefs and represents their ideology.

India is known for the diversity of their population. Two parties are not enough to represent this diversity whereas multi-party system is more responsive to a change or shift in public opinion. Two-party systems are not as flexible because they have a more or less rigid set of opinions on every issue.

Since the two parties have completely opposing views on issues, they tend to reverse the policies of the previous government when voted into power. This does not benefit the state in the long run whereas multi-party system prevents the leadership of a single party from setting policy without challenge.

Why a two-party system is better

The two-party system presents voters a simple choice.

Since the parties in a two party system have to moderate radical views, they follow public opinion better than a multi-party system would.

If the majority opinion is split among a large number of parties, it is possible that a party representing a minority view may prevail over the majority in a multi-party system. In this sense, the two-party system protects the majority from the minority.

In a multi-party system, even parties with extremely radical views have a chance to be elected to power. This could result in chaotic and disastrous reforms. The moderate approach of a two-party system negates this possibility.

There is no real control or limit over the number of parties. Sometimes, no single party is able to get a clear majority. This leads to hung parliaments and coalition politics, as has been the case in India for sometime now.

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