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Sunday, July 25, 2010

Will a two-party system work best for India? - GD Topics with Summary

Will a two-party system work best for India?

For
• The elected government will be able to function without any undue pressure. It will be able to take crucial decisions without having to succumb to the demands of coalition partners. For example, India could have signed the Civilian Nuclear Deal with the US far earlier had it not been for coalition politics.

• It is far easier to choose between two candidates, rather than studying the policies of different parties before making a choice.

• Both parties in a two-party system tend to be moderate in their views on all issues. This automatically rules out any radical ideas being implemented by the government.

• For all practical purposes, there are only two real major players on the political scene anyway. The smaller parties do play significant roles, but can never hope to form the government on their own.

• Leaders of the UPA could seriously consider making the UPA (United Progressive Alliance) a national party. The coalition already has a Common Minimum Program. It can be broadened into a party manifesto. The BJP-led NDA (National Democratic Alliance) can follow suit, resulting in a two-party system at the national level.

Against

• A two-party system will not be able to fully represent a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, large country like India, where people speak different languages and have different takes on various issues.

• A multi-party coalition ensures that a proper check is kept on the government. For example, the UPA government had a tough time going ahead with the Civilian Nuclear Deal because some parties that supported it were against it.

• Stability is undesirable in a democracy. It results in complacency, which could lead to poor governance.

• For a developing country like India it is necessary to have a pool of ideas and thoughts on every issue. In a two-party system, the number of ideas is always restricted.

• In a two-party system of governance, newly elected governments tend to reverse the policies of the previous government. This could lead to instability, especially in the transition phase.

• A two-party system forces people to compromise on some of their values and choose the party that represents their view the best, rather than entirely.

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