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Saturday, October 23, 2010

Development vs Environment: What is more important? Does delevopment really damage the environment?

Environment vs. development can be called one of today’s dilemmas for thinkers. Humanity have fear that uncontrolled economic development will lead to environmental disaster such as Global warming, greenhouse effect, air pollution, and so on – all these are the results of human activity. On the other hand, human activity is something that makes our society and world in general develop. The main problem is that our development harms nature and environment greatly.What is more important? Does development really damage the environment? 

Let's look at the arguments to support Environment:

No one wants to stop economic progress that could give millions better lives. But we must focus  on sustainable development that combines environmental care, social justice and economic growth. In recent years environment has been declined, Development is important, sure, but with the matters of ozone destruction, pollution, deforestation, and others. I think it's time we start paying attention. If we don't NOW, the consequences in later years will be horrific. We cannot produce most resources without diminishing some sort of area of nature.

China is a perfect example. Twenty years of uncontrolled economic development have created serious, chronic air and water pollution. This has increased health problems and resulted in annual losses to farmers of crops worth billions of dollars. So uncontrolled growth is not only bad for the environment, it is also makes no economic sense.

Let's look at the arguments to support Economic Development

Economic development is vital for meeting the basic needs of the growing economy. Economic Development can pave the way to feeding the millions of under-nourished people of the world. The world population has topped 6 billion people and is predicted to double in the next 50 years. Ensuring an adequate food supply for this booming population is going to be a major challenge in the years to come. We cannot expect nations to share the green concerns when they are faced with dire poverty and a constant battle for survival. Taking care of millions of people who are starving is more important than saving natural resources, most of which are renewable anyway.

While the importance of maintaining the environment at sustainable levels cannot be undermined, economic development can actually help to repair the damage that industrialization has brought to the earth's fragile Eco-system. As our natural resources dwindle, innovative thinking in business, science and development will flourish to meet environmental challenges.

For example, efficient new steelworks use much less water, raw materials and power, while producing much less pollution than traditional factories. Nuclear generating plants can provide more energy than coal while contributing far less to global warming. We are also exploring alternative, renewable types of energy such as solar, wind and hydro-power.

Economic Development, employed in a responsible manner, can be both profitable and beneficial to the world.

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